At VIK, the viticultural precision is fundamental, for this reason, we rely on state-of-the-art technology that helps us achieve our objective of maintaining a high density plantation, or 7518 plants per hectare (1,33m*1m) on the valley floors, and 8333 plants per hectare on the hillsides. And now 10,000 plants / ha our last plantation in 2012.
The plantation and selection of varietals and rootstock were established after meticulous soil studies were performed, using an average of four core samples per hectare along with meteorological and land exposure studies.
The varieties selected, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carménère, Syrah, Cabernet Franc and Merlot, were planted throughout the many valleys, always seeking harmony between the hydric balance, climate, soils and rootstock.
Jean Pierre Mercier from Univiveros was an advisor on the selection of the varietals and rootstocks.
At VIK there exists a constant concern for maintaining the appropriate management of each lot. We start the pruning season in guyot; a debudding at the end of September to choose among the best buds; a thinning at the beginning of December to select the best clusters; and a removal of leaves to allow more light and ventilation for the grapes, creating the ideal conditions for maturation.
The irrigation system is designed to control the hydric condition and formation of each plant, for which we optimize hydric resources, energy, and management potential of irrigation and the fertigation of each specific site. The irrigation decisions are based on the hebapo-transpiration measurements of each plant and our analysis of soil humidity measures.